David Foster focuses on international intellectual property matters, particularly international licensing and litigation, including representing both
complainants and respondents in litigating patent disputes under Section 337 of the Tariff Act. Section 337 permits the United States to impose an
embargo against imports of products that infringe United States intellectual property, including United States patents, copyrights, and trademarks. He
also has handled numerous international trade regulation matters involving antidumping and countervailing duties, customs, market access, import relief,
and trade policy.
Mr. Foster's association with Section 337 has been long and varied. He began his work with Section 337 in 1974 while at the General Counsel's office of
the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC), where he assisted in transforming Section 337 into its modern form and preparing its legislative history
while representing the ITC in its work with Congress in the passage of the Trade Act of 1974. He subsequently chaired the Commission group drafting
implementing regulations and assisted the Chairman of the ITC in presiding over cases as the Chairman's principal legal assistant. He then served as
International Trade Counsel for the Senate Finance Committee where his primary involvement was oversight of the Multilateral Trade Negotiations and
passage of implementing legislation. In addition, he oversaw the work of the Commission under Section 337, and was responsible for its budget
authorization. Since moving to private practice, Mr. Foster has represented clients in nearly 60 Section 337 cases, many involving billions of dollars in
He has represented clients in a wide variety of industries, including integrated circuits, optical wave guide fibers, pharmaceuticals, steel, agricultural
products such as sugar and orange juice, cellular telephones, electronics, and sophisticated manufacturing equipment.
- International Trade Counsel, U.S. Senate Finance Committee, 1977 - 1981
- Legal Advisor, Chairman, U.S. International Trade Commission, 1975 - 1976
- Attorney, Office of the General Counsel, U.S. International Trade Commission, 1973 - 1974
Rankings and Recognition
- Chambers USA: International Trade: Intellectual Property (Section 337) (National), 2007 - 2010
- Chambers Global: International Trade: Intellectual Property (Section 337) (United States), 2008 - 2011
- Legal 500: Intellectual Property: Patent Litigation - International Trade Commission, 2008
- The Best Lawyers in America®: International Trade and Finance Law, 2009 - 2011
Professional and Community Involvement
- Founder and Former President, International Trade Commission Trial Lawyers Association
- Executive Committee, International Trade Commission Trial Lawyers Association
- Chairman of the Enforcement Committee, International Trade Commission Trial Lawyers Association
- Member, American Intellectual Property Law Association
- Member, Federal Circuit Bar Association
- United States District Court for the District of Columbia
- United States Court of International Trade
- United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
- LL.M. (International Law), Columbia University School of Law, 1973
- J.D., Arizona State University, 1972
- B.A., Arizona State University, 1969
- Semiconductor Chips with Minimized Chip Package Size, Inv. Nos. 337-TA-605 and 337-TA-649 (Tessera v. ATI Technologies, et al.): Representing
complainant Tessera in two investigations involving patents on seminal technology in modern integrated circuit manufacture. These related cases were
brought against numerous chip manufacturers and package assemblers. In the 605 investigation, the Commission found that every respondent, including
industry leaders like Qualcomm, Motorola, and ST Micro, violated Section 337 and issued an exclusion order and cease and desist orders prohibiting certain
respondents (and their affiliates) from importing and/or selling the infringing chips. Upon issuance of the Commission's decision, Motorola took a
license to maintain continued access for its downstream products to the U.S. market. The 649 investigation was dismissed to pursue damages in district
court litigation in lieu of the ITC investigation.
- Unified Communication Systems, Inv. No. 337-TA-598 (Microsoft v. Alcatel-Lucent): Represented respondent Alcatel-Lucent in one of its many patent
infringement disputes with Microsoft. The Section 337 investigation involved unified communication systems designed to better integrate e-mail,
voicemail, scheduling, and other sophisticated communications capabilities. The ITC ruled in Alcatel-Lucent's favor on each asserted patent, finding no
violation based on non-infringement and/or patent invalidity.
- Microlithographic Scanners, Inv. No. 337-TA-468 (Nikon Corp. v. ASML): Represented complainant Nikon in a case that settled with the payment to Nikon
of $145 million.
- Human Growth Hormones, Inv. No. 337-TA-358 (Genentech v. Novo Nordisk et al.): Represented complainant Genentech in a patent case directed at
stopping infringing imports of HgH from competitors trying to enter the U.S. market.
- Optical Waveguide Fibers, Inv. No. 337-TA-189 (Corning v. Sumitomo Electric Industries): Represented respondent Sumitomo Electric in defending
against a complaint filed by Corning. The ITC reached a determination of no violation of Section 337.
- DRAMs, Inv. No. 337-TA-242 (Texas Instruments v. NEC et al.): Represented respondent NEC in defending a case in which the ITC found no violation of
Section 337 by NEC. Eventually, TI and NEC settled.
- Hardware Logic Emulators, Inv. No. 337-TA-383 (Quickturn v. Mentor Graphics et al.): Represented complainant Quickturn in a case in which the ITC
found violation of Section 337 and issued an exclusion order against Mentor.
- Set Top Boxes (Interactive Program Guides), Inv. No. 337-TA-454 (Gemstar et al. v. Echostar et al.): Represented respondent Echostar in defending
claims of patent infringement. The ITC found in favor of Echostar, finding no violation of Section 337. The case has now settled.
- Flash Memory Devices, Inv. No. 337-TA-552 (Toshiba v. Hynix)
AND Flash Memory Devices, Inv. No. 337-TA-553 (Hynix v. Toshiba): Currently represent complainant Toshiba in its investigation against respondent Hynix
for infringement of its patents. Also represent Toshiba as a respondent in a retaliatory investigation commenced thereafter by Hynix. Evidentiary
hearings were recently concluded in both investigations.
- Display Controllers and Products Containing Same, Inv. No. 337-TA-481/491 (Enforcement) (Genesis Microchip v. MStar Semiconductor, et al.): Currently
represent respondent MStar Semiconductor in an enforcement proceeding commenced by Genesis.
- Signature Capture Transaction Devices, Inv. No. 337-TA-504 (NCR v. Ingenico, et al.): Represented complainant NCR in an action involving infringement
of NCR's patents covering point of sale terminals and helped NCR secure a favorable settlement.
- Universal Transmitters for Garage Door Openers, Inv. No. 337-TA-497 (Chamberlain v. Skylink Technologies, et al.): Assisted respondent Skylink secure
a favorable summary determination on the merits that it had not violated Section 337 by defeating Chamberlain's assertion that Skylink had violated the
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). The investigation was the first at the ITC to involve the DMCA.
- Semiconductor Memory Devices, Inv. No. 337-TA-470 (Mosel Vitelic v. Hitachi): Represented Mosel Vitelic, a Taiwanese company, as a complainant
against Hitachi Corp., with the case ending in an early settlement favorable to Mosel Vitelic.
- Set Top Boxes (Interactive TV Guide), Inv. No. 337-TA-454 (Gemstar et al. v. Echostar et al.): Represented respondent Echostar in defending claims of
infringement and in asserting a defense of patent misuse in one of the ITC's largest Section 337 cases. The ITC found in favor of our client, Echostar,
deciding not to find a violation of Section 337.
- Excimer Laser Systems, Inv. No. 337-TA-419 (VISX v. Nidek): Successfully represented respondent Nidek against charges of infringement by VISX related
to equipment used for corrective laser eye surgery. The ITC found no violation of Section 337 on multiple grounds. The press widely reported a sharp
drop in VISX's share price after the ITC's decision.
- Disposable Cameras (Lens-Fitted-Film Packages), Inv. No. 337-TA-406 (Fuji Photo Film v. Achiever, et al.): Represented Fuji against imports from
multiple sources, primarily located in China, securing a general exclusion order.
- Hardware Logic Emulators, Inv. No. 337-TA-383 (Quickturn v. Mentor Graphics et al.): Successfully represented complainant Quickturn in a case in
which the ITC found a violation of Section 337 and issued an exclusion order against Mentor. The case set precedent for some of the novel remedial
- Burn Beds (Fluidized Supporting Apparatus), Inv. No. 337-TA-182/188 (Support Systems Int'l v. UHI Corp.): Secured a preliminary determination of
violation for Support Systems (337-TA-182), while simultaneously successfully defending against charge of infringement by UHI in a counter 337 action
(337-TA-188). The case settled very favorably for Support Systems.
- Antibody Assays (Abbott Labs v Tosoh Medics, (N.D. Ill.)): Successfully represented defendant Tosoh Medics against claims of infringement by Abbott
in a district court case related to technology for antibody assays. Abbott withdrew the complaint after validity problems were uncovered in discovery.